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Why Does My Throat Hurt When I Sing?

Experiencing throat pain while singing is a common issue that troubles many vocalists, from beginners to the more experienced. This discomfort can range from a slight irritation to a sharp pain, often causing concern and discomfort. Understanding the reasons behind this phenomenon is crucial for anyone passionate about singing, whether as a hobby or professionally.

Improper Vocal Technique

One of the primary causes of throat pain when singing is improper vocal technique. This includes straining your voice, using incorrect breathing methods, or placing too much tension on your vocal cords. Without proper technique, you’re likely to overwork your throat muscles, leading to pain and discomfort.

Straining Your Voice

Straining occurs when you push your voice beyond its natural range or volume. This often happens when trying to hit particularly high or powerful notes. Consistently singing outside of your comfortable vocal range can lead to chronic pain and even damage to your vocal cords.

Incorrect Breathing

Breathing is foundational in singing. Using shallow breaths from your chest rather than deep diaphragmatic breathing can lead to a lack of support for your voice. This forces your throat muscles to work harder, causing fatigue and pain.

Dehydration and Vocal Cord Dryness

Hydration plays a crucial role in vocal health. Dehydration leads to dryness of the vocal cords, making them more prone to irritation and pain. Drinking plenty of water before and during singing helps keep the vocal cords lubricated and reduces the risk of irritation.

Environmental Factors

The environment in which you sing can also affect your throat. Singing in dry, dusty, or smoky environments can irritate your throat and vocal cords. Similarly, allergens in the air can lead to swelling and pain in the throat.

Health-Related Issues

Sometimes, the cause of throat pain while singing can be related to health issues such as:

  • Acid reflux or GERD, where stomach acid irritates the throat
  • Vocal nodules or polyps, often a result of prolonged vocal strain
  • Infections like a cold or flu, which can inflame the throat
  • Smoking (case and point: Jerry Garcia in the 80s)


Frequent singing without adequate rest can lead to vocal fatigue. Just like any other muscle in the body, your vocal cords need time to recover after extensive use. Overusing your voice without proper rest can lead to persistent throat pain.

Solutions and Prevention

  • Proper Vocal Training: Working with a vocal coach can greatly improve your technique, reducing the strain on your voice.
  • Hydration: Keeping your body and vocal cords well-hydrated is essential.
  • Warm-ups and Cool-downs: Regular vocal exercises can prepare your voice for singing and help it recover afterward.
  • Adequate Rest: Ensure you’re giving your voice enough time to rest and recover between singing sessions.
  • Environmental Awareness: Be mindful of singing in potentially harmful environments and take steps to minimize exposure to irritants.

In conclusion, throat pain while singing is often a sign that something is amiss, either with your technique, environment, or health. Addressing these issues not only helps alleviate pain but also enhances your overall singing experience.

If the problem persists, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or a vocal coach for personalized advice and guidance. Remember, taking care of your voice is as important as developing your singing skills.