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The History and Meaning of the Iconic Grateful Dead Bears

grateful dead bears

Whether or not you consider yourself a Deadhead, you’ve certainly seen the iconic Grateful Dead “dancing bears” a time or two.

Initially designed by artist Bob Thomas to appear on the back cover of the band’s 1973 release, The History of the Grateful Dead, Volume 1 (Bear’s Choice), the bears have become deeply ingrained in the culture surrounding the Grateful Dead, and have taken on layers of symbolic meaning over the years.

Before you understand the full meaning behind the Grateful Dead bears, you have to look at the man who they were designed for: Owsley “Bear” Stanley.

In addition to being the band’s sound engineer in the early days, Stanley was also the chemist behind the creation and distribution of a large portion of the LSD that was being consumed in the United States in the 1960s and beyond.

owsley stanley with jerry garcia, late 1960s
Owsley Stanley with Jerry Garcia, late 1960s. Photo by Rosie Mcgee.

Owsley “Bear” Stanley both engineered and recorded to tape many of the shows that the Grateful Dead performed in the 60s and 70s. In this way, the entire tape trading culture that surrounded the Grateful Dead can be traced back to him.

Stanley always recorded soundboard masters when he ran sound at a show, and inevitably the tapes ended up in the hands of Deadheads. Jerry Garcia and the rest of the band didn’t mind, and later encouraged fans to record their shows, and it spread from there.

That’s a story another day, but basically, Bear Stanley was an extremely important person to both the Grateful Dead and the countercultural movement of the 1960s.

Bear also designed the Steal Your Face logo in collaboration with Bob Thomas, and the Grateful Dead bears were inspired by his association with the band.

History of the Grateful Dead, Volume 1 (Bear's Choice) back cover
History of the Grateful Dead, Volume 1 (Bear’s Choice) back cover

The first appearance of the Grateful Dead bears in the public sphere was on the back cover of the Bear’s Choice album.

As the name implies, the live recordings that appear on the album were hand-picked from Stanley’s personal archives by Owsley himself, with minimal input from the band.

Before the album and the bears, there existed a 36-point lead slug that was used in printing as a font type. Thomas used that leaden bear as his basis for the design, which features a more cartoon style bear doing the “dancing” motion.

printing slug with marching bear
The slug that started it all.

There are eight different Grateful Dead bears on the album cover, in colors red, orange, yellow, green, and blue, plus the often-overlooked brown, gray, and black bears. The bears have since been recreated in many different colors and patterns, both on official and non-official merchandise.

Stanley later clarified on his website that while the bears are commonly perceived to be dancing, they are actually doing a high step march.

It’s a lot more fun to imagine the bears dancing along to the music, though, so we’re happy to pretend that Bear never made that distinction.

After the release of the album, the dancing bears started appearing on Owsley Stanley’s blotter art, which also happened to be in heavy circulation at Grateful Dead concerts.

So, people were tripping on Owsley’s dancing bear acid while watching the Grateful Dead, who had recently released a live album with the bears on the cover.

It’s easy to see how the symbol became so heavily associated with the band, and has come to represent the music, the energy, and of course, the LSD.

dancing bear blotter art
Dancing bear blotter art

Soon fans began to bootleg the original Grateful Dead bears as well as spin-off designs onto t-shirts, stickers, and whatever else they could dream up.

All of a sudden people were wearing the bears at Dead shows and elsewhere, and the symbol continued to gain momentum while also being free advertising for the band. This continued for 20+ years after the bear was first introduced, and still continues to this day.

It’s incredible to see the impact and influence that the Grateful Dead have had on American pop culture, both through their music and the tie-dye tinted art associated with it.

The culture is still going strong over 25 years after the band played their final concert, and it shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon.

Bands like the Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd, and Led Zeppelin may have their symbols, but none are quite as recognizable as the symbols of the Grateful Dead.

Even Nike has gotten in on the hype with their new Grateful Dead bear-inspired SB Dunks, which you can check out below. I’ll leave off here for now and save my opinion on the shoes themselves for another segment. Peace!

grateful dead nikes
Dead Nike’s

12 comments on The History and Meaning of the Iconic Grateful Dead Bears

  • October 29, 2022 at 4:37 am

    Just a little thing folks usually never notice, even though you can see the picture on this page… there are 8 MARCHING bears on the album cover. Three have simply been ignored because they are black, brown, and something else that’s really hard to make a sticker or patch look good with. Go ahead, I dare you, scroll up to the album cover and count how many different bears there are.


    • Post author
      November 3, 2022 at 11:37 pm

      Wow, thank you. After all these times looking at it I somehow never noticed the other three bears. Although, I have never gotten my hands on a physical copy. I’ve updated the post!

  • May 24, 2022 at 2:46 am

    Sounds like Owsley was that dude. He was the one that made it all happen. Behind the scenes is where the show is made 🐻‍❄️

  • May 7, 2022 at 9:38 pm

    Wait. The Grateful Dead, as the Grateful Dead, played their last shows in 2015. Otherwise I really need to know where I was for those 5 days.

    • October 29, 2022 at 4:35 am

      They were not playing as “The Grateful Dead.” They were playing as “The Dead.” The “Fare Thee Well Tour” was a tribute to 50th anniversary of the Grateful Dead. Caused a lot of confusion.

  • October 20, 2021 at 1:42 pm

    I have the original Garcia ty-died beanie baby. TY stopped making them because of a lawsuit that they used the Garcia bear without permission
    I was and still a deadhead. I was wondering if My Garcia Bear was worth anything?

  • August 27, 2021 at 2:50 pm

    Interesting sidebar : In the Inuit culture, the concept of the dancing bear signifies the transformation between shaman and spirit helper.

  • August 4, 2021 at 1:04 am

    I just got to day that I saw The Bear himself at the Ritz Carlton where the Grateful Dead was staying.
    The lounge was “jacket required” We all brought sport coats, I think even Bob Weir had one on when we saw him in lounge.
    Not The Bear though. He rolled in with jeans, jean jacket and a backpack.

  • July 3, 2021 at 4:55 pm

    Garcia means bear in the Basque region of Spain. Is there any connection there too?

    • July 30, 2021 at 10:26 am

      Not true: Garcia does not mean bear in Euskera